The wild animal protection law (Amendment draft) (hereinafter referred to as the draft) is now open to the public for comment. After December 26, 12-18th meeting of the NPC session on the consideration of the draft–since 1988 this is the wild animals Protection Act passed by the national people’s Congress Standing Committee, introduced in 1989 has been amended for the first time in 26 years.
“We is excited, so long time this Department legal finally to amendment has, and is national NPC ring funding Board personally led”, strict ten is excited, he put Amendment draft and existing legal for has compared, in paper Shang dense to column has pros and cons on both sides of outline, side gestures side told, “at least we is can see get, and touch have with, in must time within this Department legal can Amendment finished. ”
Yan is the Chief Engineer of the Wildlife Protection Department of the State forestry administration. Recently, he accepted the surging News (www.thepaper.CN) interview with background about the draft amendments, new content and introduces the Wildlife Protection Division are doing the work.
He said, the law is amended to wildlife conservation golden opportunity. He hoped that the early adoption of the draft, “the earlier through better protection. ”
In addition, according to wildlife activists have criticized the national directory of wildlife have not been adjusted for 26 years (in 2004, only one modification to the individual articles), list of internal and external resources are great changes have taken place, and present a serious problem that is inconsistent. News the surging yen, state forestry administration and the Ministry of agriculture is working on a new version of the list, in accordance with the program submitted to the State Council for approval, “may be announced in the amendments law before the enactment. ”
“College student selling eggs hobby was sentenced to 10.5 years not too heavy”
Since the implementation of the wildlife protection act in force, a number of legal provisions no longer meet the needs of current wildlife conservation.
Netizens buzz recently raised “College student selling eggs hobby was sentenced to 10.5 years” case, in which it is under current law and regulation on illegal hunting of wild animals is not strict, punishment is not enough, too little education.
“A little knowledge is not” strictly speaking this thing is still a little excited, he said, some of the media is very poor, with combined punishment for several criminal cases into “college students pay more than 10 birds” is not accurate.
Hobby belong to birds of prey, very few number of eggs in a nest, the hobby sphere of activity, more than 10 a hobby hobby mean the County nest was empty, constitute illegal hunting. Coupled with the acquisition, sale and other serious cases, after joinder, think a sentence is not too heavy, “according to the new law, it can be more than ten years. ”
After the judgment of the case, many netizens defending a college student “innocence”, arguing that the penalty. In ten days, this just goes to show propaganda is not enough wildlife protection laws in the past, public indifference to protect wildlife. So the new additional content, clear knowledge into the classroom and into the popular wildlife books, through the “little hands big hands” concept of ways to raise public awareness of wildlife protection.
And clearly should step up publicity by the media, monitoring for violations.
“Harmony between man and nature, and animals, which is how much money can’t buy. “Say, wild animals protection does not increase GDP, but with the improvement of people’s living standards, we began to pursue the improvement of the living environment, longing for intimacy with nature.
Since the revision is around, why wait for 26 years?
“Old colleague proposed to modify every year, but has not been included in the national people’s Congress legislative planning. In silos, many people would think that it may not have the securities law, family planning is more affected by the concerns of ordinary people. “Yan said.
NPC Standing Committee member Wang Qingxi, disclosed the deliberation, the wild animal protection law from the 2013 before the Spring Festival, CCTV concentrated exposure of indiscriminate killing of wildlife news, including Tianjin beidagang wetlands, Jiangxi Endowment brook the phenomenon of many killing wild animals.
Said Wang Qingxi, Central Directorate of the Research Office of the 24th issue of Le Monde published the media called for the adoption of legislation on the prohibition of the consumption of wild animals, including articles, several countries, including XI Jinping, General Secretary of the Central leaders made important instructions.
In September 2013, the wild animal protection law was included in the 12 session of the national people’s Congress legislative plan, led by the national people’s Congress environmental and resources Committee is responsible for drafting and deliberation.
First to protect wildlife habitat
Fully with the NPC, the State Forestry Administration Commission for a legal amendment to do research work, also personally escort the research group to Wildlife Habitat, breeding centers and other research.
Research results show, Wildlife Habitat is not optimistic in China.
As an example, construction of the line was not considered Wildlife Habitat and other environmental factors. In June 2003 to start the construction of Simao city, Yunnan province, Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture, to small mengyang Expressway (abbreviation SI-Xiao Expressway) as an example, said SI-Xiao Expressway construction did not consider the passage of elephants, causing road running elephants often wander back and forth on the highway, causing highway road closures.
“This is a typical example, highways, reservoirs, development zones such as the rapid development of infrastructure, largely without regard to Wildlife Habitat. “Yan said.
So does the destruction of coastal wetlands. The natural coastline of China has almost disappeared, which is one reason migratory birds disappeared while I study migration in China.
“Migratory birds in Russia to fly very well, where to fall where it falls, flew to China and saw no place to fall, fish ponds or reclaiming, or look down and there’s a bright surface, flew down to see, our plastic greenhouses. ”
Habitat destruction which affects the population’s situation is very serious, persistent. Draft amendment first proposed the concept of Habitat, Wildlife Habitat outside nature reserves included in the scope of protection, and to develop Habitat list.
Not to give up on wildlife “utilization”
Surging news also note to, as one wildlife “protection” method, environmental organization has been calls for not should with “using” words, but draft General still 4 times mentioned, respectively is in first article “specification wildlife resources using”, second article “engaged in wildlife protection, and breeding, and using”, third article “national guarantees law protection, and breeding, and using wildlife”, fourth article “implemented protection priority, and strictly regulatory, and science breeding, and reasonable using of approach”.
Yan explained to the NPC research group on wildlife protection, breeding and utilization research has been done, the law cannot be divorced from reality. “This Department legal not light for protection organization of, also not light on raised animal of farmers said of, because method this concept everyone are to comply with, so also is to consider reality conditions, some place economic development impossible left wildlife, you let farmers pig he on not pig, and raised other of, you impossible deprived they of life source, but legal has specific terms be specification. ”
Said Yan Xun, to adapt to the reform of the administrative examination and approval, Wildlife Department under the State Council areas of work in the future there will be significant changes, except as provided in State sensitive species, wild animal breeding, sale, purchase, use and other processing will be decentralized to the provincial level.
“We will devote more time to monitoring and to formulate the rules, to formulate the list of list of wildlife, Habitat, management, and so on. Than in the past, approval work occupies most of our time. “Yan said.
Protect funding for government budgets at all levels for the first time
Surging News: draft what provisions had been increased to combat damaging wildlife?
: Not included before, such as electroshock, electronic equipment, LED lights, which have been clearly written into the draft, the nets stepped up penalties. Previous laws have not provided that catches could not be convicted, are now provided in the.
Surging News: now on the network of illegal sale of wildlife and wildlife products is particularly high, is effective in combating it?
YAN: now authorities are online inventory, advertising not to do, you will discover, will be checked, such as ivory from Taobao is found not to, the key has been removed. But if I didn’t say ivory, I say the old 3,000 pieces of white plastic chopsticks a pair, which is obvious to ivory, you can sell for 3,000 dollars a pair of plastic ones who believe in him? But like this it’s hard to find.
Surging News: I compared it to protect funds into government budgets at all levels, as never before.
YAN: This means that makes clear this is a public service of the Government. This is not to protect their own things to do, this is social welfare, public welfare undertakings need government money, Governments at all levels should be included in the budget, and then to devise protection programmes and measures, and encourage citizens, legal persons and public organizations to raise funds to support the protection. Interview with Phoenix TV Chinese channel Executive
Wild animals have a “welfare”, can eat
Surging News: why the concept of animal welfare is not included in the draft?
YAN: ultimately why the draft does not mention I don’t know, this is not our decision. I understand that welfare only in the process of raising animals come, as people keep a dog must treat it well, give it to eat, cold weather but also the entire stay. But animals in nature there is no “benefit” to speak of, either they are symbiotic relationships, or taking advantage of each other, there is no concept of welfare. Why so attractive in the animal world, because it is true reflection of the relationship between the animal, the Cheetah is to prey, crocodiles in the process of migrating animals suddenly out of the water to eat it, and what benefits? Protecting Habitat is the greatest wildlife welfare.
But I’m not saying that we do not pay attention to the condition of the animals. We certainly cannot abuse an animal, since it gives you benefits, you have to show to the public, that you have to treat it, don’t abuse it.
Surging News: in terms of propagation of which specific provisions of the Bill?
YAN: the artificial breeding of wild animals are divided into four categories in the draft. First class are needed to save the endangered species, such as giant panda; the second is the science of third class are shown to the public, such as the Zoo; the fourth category is to allow the use of artificial breeding, technical stability mature national wildlife.
Surging News: before releasing wild animals there are plenty of case discussion draft have rules?
: Some time ago, the Changbai mountain’s report said people saw a lot of snakes, later investigation found no snakes on the ground, but there are a few men and released them. Since there is free will leads to an illegal interest, such as where ceremonies tomorrow, today I go to catch animals for you to buy. This so-called Act of kindness is at times we do not know, he thought it was doing, actually release those animals or not, or finishing off the other animals, destroyed the original biological chain, did not have a good impact on the environment.
Not to just put them back into the wild, and it explicitly provides, you release, ordered within a catch back to you; you don’t catch you caught by the authorities, the cost you pay.
Surging News: can wild animals to eat, it has clear rules? Especially in some special areas.
YAN: the revised draft with the clearly defined, not saying if I can eat, but stressed that the utilization of wildlife and their products to comply with the laws and regulations and the relevant regulations, and public order. Everyone considers this matter can’t do it, you do a bad image, it will not be able to do.
Project involves Habitat approval authority from the county level up to the Ministry of environmental protection
Surging News: draft specification for construction of future Wildlife Habitat?
YAN: the next project in the environmental impact assessment will have to seek the views of our forestry sector, when consulted, to control directory of directories to see if involved in wild animals, it needs to seek the views of our forestry sector. Not like before, didn’t see it say no. I ask you about animal tracks counted as? Feces is not considered? There are internationally accepted methods to determine.
Surging News: do you have veto power in the EIA process?
: Did you consider wildlife projects-building programmes? How did you consider? We need evaluation and see if he can meet the conditions, to deal with what it is not, the next directory is an important reference. When it comes to the list of wildlife and its Habitat, if the project is not necessary, can be built not built that do not build up; if you have to build a railway, railway at design time, you must consider these.
Surging news is still the same as before just for advice?
: Used to be light for advice, seek say no (wild animals). Now if it involves State-level protected area that has got to be the Ministry of environmental protection to approve environmental impact assessment. Many were passed at the district level, district-level approval and you dare to say no to pass? Say no animals can live. Sorry, the next step, which is a national key protected areas, you have to check the State Department (Wildlife Protection Department under the State Council).
Surging News: serious as habitat destruction, now do the work in time?
: Our country is very big, economic development, ecological to be well protected. Economic development differences between East and West, but conservation tasks are the same, particularly in the western regions there are large areas of Wildlife Habitat, if you do not take the protection until damaged again in the future to protect too late. New law to protect wildlife habitat, we will have a basis.